Best Prenatal Care

A woman who is healthy at the start of her pregnancy is likely to remain so throughout, provided she understand what is going on and applies her natural common sense.

 

Best Prenatal Care Tip


In a nutshell, the best prenatal care tip is to rest when you feel tired and take regular simple exercise when you do not! This sounds simple and reasonable but, in practice, may women find it hard and expect to be able to do all the things they normally do in addition to being pregnant. this is often possible in the first thirty weeks or so of pregnancy, but it is important to recognize that pregnancy is an extra strain and that the carrying out of a normal routine may make the mother-to-be very tired. If you feel tired, do not grit your teeth and struggle on; stop and take a rest.

 

Choosing clothes

You'll probably find that your baggiest existing clothes do for the first part of pregnancy, and the careful addition of a few new items should see you through the last half. What you will wear depend on what you are most comfortable in and the confines of your lifestyle. Many women opt for leggings plus a few loose tops, and they look stylish through pregnancy. You may not need maternity leggings, just your usual ones a size or two larger. If your figure or job demand something a little more formal, you could opt for one or two well-cut outfits and vary them by wearing T-shirts underneath, or colored tights, scarves and accessories. Often clothes can be adapted by wearing a shirt open with a T-shirt underneath, a waistcoat over a dress, or a loose jumper with leggings instead of a skirt.

Accessories can be used to brighten things up, ring the change or just detract from your growing bump. Scarves or bright jewellery at the neck help to draw attention to your face and away from your expanding figure.

Tights and shoes

Hormone changes and the pressure of the uterus on veins make varicose veins in the legs more likely in pregnancy. They are one he most unpleasant side effects of pregnancy, though they do not affect everybody. Good support tights can minimize them, and these are now available in sheer versions and in a range of colors. Try to avoid standing for long periods, sit with your feet raised when you can and avoid sitting with crossed legs. Well-shaped pregnancy tights are useful as you grow, as they have an extra section at front. Comfortable shoes are essential. Avoid high heels, and choose stylish pumps and flatter shoes; you may find that you need a wider fitting in late pregnancy.
 

Hair and Make-up

Many women find that their face shape changes during pregnancy. You may want to alter your style of make-up or have your cut into a new style, especially if fluid retention causes your face to seem rounder. Hair can be quite fragile in pregnancy, so
avoid perms or colorings. Concentrate on a good cut and use gentle shampoos and rich conditioners to keep it in the best condition possible.
 

Skin Care

Your skin may change too; sometimes it becomes very dry in pregnancy and needs extra-rich moisturizer, but often in the middle months skin and hair really do ]bloom'. Occasionally women develop a brownish marking on the face, or a brown line down the middle of the stomach from about the third month. These have no significance ó they are caused by pregnancy hormones and usually fade after the baby is born. Similarly, freckles can become temporarily darker. If such changes in pigmentation bother you, particularly any blemishes on the face, try covering them with a good foundation cream. It is also best to avoid strong sunlight as this can make the pigmentation worse.

 

Prenatal Classes

It is now common for delivery hospitals to conduct prenatal classes. It is helpful as they may familiarize the expectant woman with the process of labor, the hospital with which she is booked for delivery, provide some kind of support or expectations in breastfeeding and so on. It is especially helpful if the prenatal class admits husbands as well, as it is capable of creating an appreciable feeling of closeness and shared enthusiasm in the couples who attend the class.

Prenatal Exercises

 

This includes pelvic floor exercises, stretching exercises, low impact aerobic exercises. This is important as it will loosen the motherís muscles and joints, making her more flexible and fit. Studies have shown that improved physical fitness benefits the mother and child by decreasing the length of labor. Prenatal exercises will also increase the amount of oxygen intake per minute.



Posture and Back Care

Poor posture can lead to constant fatigue and tension, which in turn can lead to aching shoulders and low backache. During everyday activities and before starting any exercise always check your posture.

Bending forwards to lift anything puts enormous pressure on the discs in your spine. when you are pregnant, it's even more important to take care to lift correctly as the ligaments become much more lax and stretchy and are more easily strained.

Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor muscles make up an important sling of muscles which forms the floor of the bony pelvis and supports the internal organs. There are three openings in these muscles. During birth they get stretched and need exercise to make them strong again. Any weakness may cause leakage of urine when coughing or sneezing. Exercise helps to keep them strong and it's easier to exercise them after the birth if you have practiced often in pregnancy.

Imagine you are desperate to empty your bladder when you get to the lavatory but it's occupied. Tighten up around the front passage as it to stop yourself leaking. Keep breathing, hold for a count of four and then release. Do it as often as you can during the day.

Father's Role

The involvement in the husbands in the process of bringing forth children is one of the best things that most childbearing women would want have. This is because it might add an appreciable quantum of pleasure and reassurance to what could be a lonely and frightening labor experience for some mothers.

Infections and the Unborn Child

The consequences of maternal infections whether just before or during a pregnancy are often of nagging concern to a mother-to-be. Many insist on ascribing subsequent poor health or failure of a child to thrive to episodes of illness in pregnancy. Fortunately, this is true only of a few, rather uncommon, illnesses.

The commonplace varieties of non-specific viral infections of the throat, most strains of influenza, mouth ulcers (herpes simplex type 1) have no known effect on the child. Although the odds of a mother passing on a crippling infection to the child in her is small, one should always bear in mind that the afflicted infant is a considerably high stake.

Viruses, bacteria and parasite threaten fetal well-being in two ways: by producing chronic infection in the newborn and by inflicting on it congenital malformations. These viruses are:

  • Rubella
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Measles
  • Chickenpox and Shingles
  • Mumps
  • Coxsackie Virus
  • Polio
  • Influenza

The bacterial infections are:

  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Mycoplasma
  • Listeria

The parasitic infection is:

  • Toxoplasmosis

 

Radiation and the Fetus

Radiation mutates cells, causing genetic changes, death or other equally disastrous damage. Those cells in the embryo or the maturing egg and those in the process of division such a blood cells are particularly susceptible. Mutated cells may lie dormant and spring nasty surprises on some unsuspecting couple generations later.

The various sources of radiation are:

  • X-ray examination
  • cosmic radiation, calculated at 4.3 rad in 30 years - damage is minimal
  • Therapeutic radiation for cancer
  • X-rays of the ovaries
  • atomic fallout from weapon testing, leakage from nuclear reactors, war
  • therapeutic or accidental consumption of radioactive materials
  • Intravenous administration of short-life radioactive materials (for diagnostic purposes)

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